Unterschiede

Hier werden die Unterschiede zwischen zwei Versionen angezeigt.

Link zu dieser Vergleichsansicht

Beide Seiten der vorigen Revision Vorhergehende Überarbeitung
Nächste Überarbeitung
Vorhergehende Überarbeitung
centos:mailserver:installation_von_spamassassin [27.06.2011 09:52. ]
django [Spamassassin]
centos:mailserver:installation_von_spamassassin [20.04.2018 10:34. ] (aktuell)
Zeile 1: Zeile 1:
 +====== erweiterter SPAM-Schutz mit Hilfe von SpamAssassin ======
 +Zur weiteren Absicherung unseres Mailservers bzw. -verkehrs bedienen wir uns des Dienstes **spamassassin**.
 +===== Installation =====
 +Wie üblich installieren wir die benötiten Programmpakete via **YUM**.
 +<​code>​yum install spamassassin </​code>​
 +===== Programminfo =====
 +==== Info ====
 +Auch bei diesem Paket //​**spamassassin**//​ informieren wir uns erst einmal an Hand der RPM-Info:
 +<​code>#​ yum info spamassassin
 +
 +Name   : spamassassin
 +...
 +Summary: Spam-Filter für E-Mails, der durch Mail-Agenten aufgerufen werden kann.
 +Description:​
 +SpamAssassin provides you with a way to reduce if not completely eliminate
 +Unsolicited Commercial Email (SPAM) from your incoming email. ​ It can
 +be invoked by a MDA such as sendmail or postfix, or can be called from
 +a procmail script, .forward file, etc.  It uses a genetic-algorithm
 +evolved scoring system to identify messages which look spammy, then
 +adds headers to the message so they can be filtered by the user's mail
 +reading software. ​ This distribution includes the spamd/spamc components
 +which create a server that considerably speeds processing of mail.
 +
 +To enable spamassassin,​ if you are receiving mail locally, simply add
 +this line to your ~/​.procmailrc:​
 +INCLUDERC=/​etc/​mail/​spamassassin/​spamassassin-default.rc
 +
 +To filter spam for all users, add that line to /​etc/​procmailrc
 +(creating if necessary).</​code>​
 +
 +==== Programmpfade und -inhalte ====
 +Über die einzelnen Dateien und Pfade der installierten Programme, informieren wir uns auch hier mittels:
 +<​code>​rpm -ql spamassassin
 +/​etc/​cron.d/​sa-update
 +/​etc/​logrotate.d/​sa-update
 +/​etc/​mail/​spamassassin
 +/​etc/​mail/​spamassassin/​init.pre
 +/​etc/​mail/​spamassassin/​local.cf
 +/​etc/​mail/​spamassassin/​spamassassin-default.rc
 +/​etc/​mail/​spamassassin/​spamassassin-helper.sh
 +/​etc/​mail/​spamassassin/​spamassassin-spamc.rc
 +/​etc/​mail/​spamassassin/​v310.pre
 +/​etc/​mail/​spamassassin/​v312.pre
 +/​etc/​mail/​spamassassin/​v320.pre
 +/​etc/​rc.d/​init.d/​spamassassin
 +/​etc/​sysconfig/​spamassassin
 +/​usr/​bin/​sa-compile
 +/​usr/​bin/​sa-learn
 +/​usr/​bin/​sa-update
 +/​usr/​bin/​spamassassin
 +/​usr/​bin/​spamc
 +/​usr/​bin/​spamd
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​AICache.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​ArchiveIterator.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​AsyncLoop.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​AutoWhitelist.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Bayes
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Bayes.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Bayes/​CombineChi.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Bayes/​CombineNaiveBayes.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​BayesStore
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​BayesStore.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​BayesStore/​DBM.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​BayesStore/​MySQL.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​BayesStore/​PgSQL.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​BayesStore/​SDBM.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​BayesStore/​SQL.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Client.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Conf
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Conf.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Conf/​LDAP.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Conf/​Parser.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Conf/​SQL.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Constants.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​DBBasedAddrList.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Dns.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​DnsResolver.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​HTML.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Locales.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Locker
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Locker.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Locker/​Flock.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Locker/​UnixNFSSafe.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Locker/​Win32.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Logger
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Logger.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Logger/​File.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Logger/​Stderr.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Logger/​Syslog.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​MailingList.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Message
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Message.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Message/​Metadata
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Message/​Metadata.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Message/​Metadata/​Received.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Message/​Node.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​NetSet.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​PerMsgLearner.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​PerMsgStatus.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​PersistentAddrList.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Plugin
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Plugin.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Plugin/​ASN.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Plugin/​AWL.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Plugin/​AccessDB.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Plugin/​AntiVirus.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Plugin/​AutoLearnThreshold.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Plugin/​Bayes.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Plugin/​BodyEval.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Plugin/​BodyRuleBaseExtractor.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Plugin/​Check.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Plugin/​DCC.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Plugin/​DKIM.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Plugin/​DNSEval.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Plugin/​DomainKeys.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Plugin/​HTMLEval.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Plugin/​HTTPSMismatch.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Plugin/​Hashcash.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Plugin/​HeaderEval.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Plugin/​ImageInfo.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Plugin/​MIMEEval.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Plugin/​MIMEHeader.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Plugin/​OneLineBodyRuleType.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Plugin/​Pyzor.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Plugin/​Razor2.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Plugin/​RelayCountry.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Plugin/​RelayEval.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Plugin/​ReplaceTags.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Plugin/​Rule2XSBody.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Plugin/​SPF.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Plugin/​Shortcircuit.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Plugin/​SpamCop.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Plugin/​Test.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Plugin/​TextCat.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Plugin/​URIDNSBL.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Plugin/​URIDetail.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Plugin/​URIEval.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Plugin/​VBounce.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Plugin/​WLBLEval.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Plugin/​WhiteListSubject.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​PluginHandler.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Reporter.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​SQLBasedAddrList.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​SpamdForkScaling.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​SubProcBackChannel.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Timeout.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Util
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Util.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Util/​DependencyInfo.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Util/​Progress.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Util/​RegistrarBoundaries.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​Mail/​SpamAssassin/​Util/​TieOneStringHash.pm
 +/​usr/​lib/​perl5/​vendor_perl/​5.8.8/​spamassassin-run.pod
 +/​usr/​share/​doc/​spamassassin-3.2.4
 +/​usr/​share/​doc/​spamassassin-3.2.4/​CREDITS
 +/​usr/​share/​doc/​spamassassin-3.2.4/​Changes
 +/​usr/​share/​doc/​spamassassin-3.2.4/​LICENSE
 +/​usr/​share/​doc/​spamassassin-3.2.4/​NOTICE
 +/​usr/​share/​doc/​spamassassin-3.2.4/​README
 +/​usr/​share/​doc/​spamassassin-3.2.4/​TRADEMARK
 +/​usr/​share/​doc/​spamassassin-3.2.4/​UPGRADE
 +/​usr/​share/​doc/​spamassassin-3.2.4/​USAGE
 +/​usr/​share/​doc/​spamassassin-3.2.4/​sample-nonspam.txt
 +/​usr/​share/​doc/​spamassassin-3.2.4/​sample-spam.txt
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man1/​sa-compile.1.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man1/​sa-learn.1.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man1/​sa-update.1.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man1/​spamassassin-run.1.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man1/​spamassassin.1.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man1/​spamc.1.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man1/​spamd.1.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​AICache.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​ArchiveIterator.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​AsyncLoop.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​AutoWhitelist.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​Bayes.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​BayesStore.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​BayesStore::​MySQL.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​BayesStore::​PgSQL.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​BayesStore::​SQL.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​Client.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​Conf.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​Conf::​LDAP.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​Conf::​Parser.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​Conf::​SQL.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​DnsResolver.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​Logger.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​Logger::​File.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​Logger::​Stderr.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​Logger::​Syslog.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​Message.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​Message::​Metadata.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​Message::​Node.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​PerMsgLearner.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​PerMsgStatus.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​PersistentAddrList.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​Plugin.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​Plugin::​ASN.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​Plugin::​AWL.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​Plugin::​AccessDB.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​Plugin::​AntiVirus.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​Plugin::​AutoLearnThreshold.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​Plugin::​BodyRuleBaseExtractor.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​Plugin::​Check.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​Plugin::​DCC.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​Plugin::​DKIM.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​Plugin::​DomainKeys.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​Plugin::​Hashcash.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​Plugin::​MIMEHeader.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​Plugin::​OneLineBodyRuleType.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​Plugin::​Pyzor.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​Plugin::​Razor2.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​Plugin::​RelayCountry.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​Plugin::​ReplaceTags.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​Plugin::​Rule2XSBody.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​Plugin::​SPF.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​Plugin::​Shortcircuit.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​Plugin::​SpamCop.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​Plugin::​Test.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​Plugin::​TextCat.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​Plugin::​URIDNSBL.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​Plugin::​URIDetail.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​Plugin::​VBounce.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​Plugin::​WhiteListSubject.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​PluginHandler.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​SQLBasedAddrList.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​SubProcBackChannel.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​Timeout.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​Util.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​Mail::​SpamAssassin::​Util::​Progress.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​man/​man3/​spamassassin-run.3pm.gz
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​10_default_prefs.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​20_advance_fee.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​20_body_tests.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​20_compensate.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​20_dnsbl_tests.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​20_drugs.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​20_dynrdns.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​20_fake_helo_tests.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​20_head_tests.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​20_html_tests.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​20_imageinfo.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​20_meta_tests.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​20_net_tests.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​20_phrases.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​20_porn.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​20_ratware.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​20_uri_tests.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​20_vbounce.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​23_bayes.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​25_accessdb.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​25_antivirus.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​25_asn.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​25_dcc.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​25_dkim.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​25_domainkeys.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​25_hashcash.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​25_pyzor.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​25_razor2.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​25_replace.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​25_spf.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​25_textcat.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​25_uribl.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​30_text_de.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​30_text_fr.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​30_text_it.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​30_text_nl.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​30_text_pl.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​30_text_pt_br.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​50_scores.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​60_awl.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​60_shortcircuit.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​60_whitelist.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​60_whitelist_dk.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​60_whitelist_dkim.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​60_whitelist_spf.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​60_whitelist_subject.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​72_active.cf
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​languages
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​sa-update-pubkey.txt
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​sa-update.cron
 +/​usr/​share/​spamassassin/​user_prefs.template
 +/​var/​lib/​spamassassin
 +/​var/​run/​spamassassin
 +</​code>​
 +===== Konfiguration =====
 +Unter gewissen Umständen, bei Verwendung von header- und body-cheks mit und AMaViS als **smtpd_proxy_filter** kann es passieren, dass Postfix und AMaViS Bounced, also backscatter erzeugen. Eine [[http://​listi.jpberlin.de/​pipermail/​postfixbuch-users/​2009-July/​050450.html|Diskussion]] auf der Postfix-Mailingliste beleuchtet die damaligen Hintergründe. Die aktuelle amavisd-.new Version vom Juli 2009 wurde zwar dahingegen optimiert und geändert. Aber für den laufenden Betrieb wollen wir die Headerchecks in Richtung AMaVis und Spamassassin verlagern.
 +
 +==== Postfix ====
 +Die Headerchecks auf seiten von Postfix deaktivieren wir, in dem wir die angelegte Datei **header_checks** wegsichern und eine leere Datei anlegen.
 +   # mv /​etc/​postfix/​header_checks /​etc/​postfix/​header_checks.old
 +   # touch /​etc/​postfix/​header_check
 +Anschließend führen wir einen Reload unseres Mailservers durch.
 +   # service postfix reload
 +==== Spamassassin ====
 +Die Regeln für die Header-Checks tragen wir nun in die Datei //​**/​etc/​mail/​spamassassin/​local.cf**//​ ein.
 +  # vim /​etc/​mail/​spamassassin/​local.cf
 +<file | local.cf>​
 +# These values can be overridden by editing ~/​.spamassassin/​user_prefs.cf ​
 +# (see spamassassin(1) for details)
 +
 +# These should be safe assumptions and allow for simple visual sifting
 +# without risking lost emails.
 +
 +# Ab welchem Punktestand soll eine eMail als Spam betrachtet werden?
 +required_hits 5
 +# Diese Option legt fest, wie SpamAssassin eine als Spam eingestufte E-Mail markieren soll. Wenn report_safe 0 angegeben ist, fügt 
 +# Spamassassin lediglich einige X-Spam-Header ein und lässt die E-Mail ansonsten unverändert.
 +report_safe 0
 +# Mit dieser Option wird definiert, daß eine Nachricht, welche als SPAM klassifiziert wurde, zusätzlich mit dem Hinweis "**** SPAM ****" ​
 +#in der Betreffzeile gekennzeichnet werden sollen.
 +rewrite_header Subject [SPAM]
 +
 +# Django: 15.07.2010
 +# Diese Direktive bestimmt, welche Sperrmethode verwendet wird, um die beiden Datenbanken (Bayes- und Autowhitelisting) vor gleichzeitigem ​
 +# Zugriffen zu schützen. Wenn sichergestellt ist, daß auf die beiden Datenbanken nie über ein NFS zugegriffen wird, kann auf Unix-Plattformen ​
 +# erheblich an Performance gewonnen werden, indem die Sperrmethode flock verwendet wird.
 +lock_method flock
 +
 +# Headercheck-Filterliste für die Absicherung des Postfix-Mailservers Information aus der vorhandenen Postfixdatei /​etc/​postfix/​header_checks
 +# übernommen,​ da es unter gewissen Umständen zu Backscatter-Problemen kommen könnte (Stand. 10-07-2009 AMaViS Version ​
 +# amavisd-new-2.5.4-1.el5.rf.src.rpm Version 0.02 / 2009-08-19
 +
 +# /i = i Case-Insensitivity (die Nichtbeachtung von Groß- und Kleinschreibung) einschalten
 +# /m = m Multiline-Faehigkeit - Zeilenumbrueche ignorieren
 +
 +
 +# Header-Checks "​From"​ (Nummerierung 1000 ...)
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_FROM_CHECKS_NR1008 ​      From =~ /​^.*ic-drei.de/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_FROM_CHECKS_NR1008 ​      20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_FROM_CHECKS_NR1008 ​      ​noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_FROM_CHECKS_NR1007 ​      From =~ /​^.*Lottery/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_FROM_CHECKS_NR1007 ​      20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_FROM_CHECKS_NR1007 ​      ​noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_FROM_CHECKS_NR1006 ​      From =~ /​^.*Apotheken-News/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_FROM_CHECKS_NR1006 ​      20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_FROM_CHECKS_NR1006 ​      ​noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_FROM_CHECKS_NR1005 ​      From =~ /​^.*Online.*Spiele/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_FROM_CHECKS_NR1005 ​      20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_FROM_CHECKS_NR1005 ​      ​noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_FROM_CHECKS_NR1004 ​      From =~ /​^.*Kasino/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_FROM_CHECKS_NR1004 ​      20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_FROM_CHECKS_NR1004 ​      ​noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_FROM_CHECKS_NR1003 ​      From =~ /​^.*Pharmacy/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_FROM_CHECKS_NR1003 ​      20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_FROM_CHECKS_NR1003 ​      ​noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_FROM_CHECKS_NR1002 ​      From =~ /^.*Royal Club Casino/im
 +score           ​HEADER_FROM_CHECKS_NR1002 ​      20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_FROM_CHECKS_NR1002 ​      ​noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_FROM_CHECKS_NR1001 ​      From =~ /^.*Euro Dice Casino/im
 +score           ​HEADER_FROM_CHECKS_NR1001 ​      20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_FROM_CHECKS_NR1001 ​      ​noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_FROM_CHECKS_NR1000 ​      From =~ /​^.*happydigits.de/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_FROM_CHECKS_NR1000 ​      20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_FROM_CHECKS_NR1000 ​      ​noautolearn
 +
 +# Header-Checks "​Subject"​ (Nummerierung 2000 ...)
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2073 ​   Subject =~ /.*IHRE E-MAIL HAT GEWONNEN DIE.*/im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2073 ​   20  ​
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2073 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2072 ​   Subject =~ /​.*Potenzschw.che.*/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2072 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2072 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2071 ​   Subject =~ /​.*Sicherheitsaktualisierung.*/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2071 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2071 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2070 ​   Subject =~ /​.*PARTNERSHIP.*/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2070 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2070 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2069 ​   Subject =~ /​.*TEMPORARY JOB OFFER.*/im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2069 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2069 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2068 ​   Subject =~ /.*URGENT ATTENTION.*/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2068 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2068 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2067 ​   Subject =~ /​.*Penis.*/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2067 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2067 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2066 ​   Subject =~ /​.*saxaelle.*/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2066 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2066 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2065 ​   Subject =~ /.*formula for men.*/im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2065 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2065 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2064 ​   Subject =~ /.*wife happiness.*/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2064 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2064 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2063 ​   Subject =~ /.*rentiert sich.*/im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2063 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2063 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2062 ​   Subject =~ /.*caught on camera.*/im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2062 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2062 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2061 ​   Subject =~ /​.*Betriebsstaette sucht Beschaeftigte.*/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2061 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2061 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2060 ​   Subject =~ /​.*Stimulate her.*/im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2060 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2060 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2059 ​   Subject =~ /.*WITH DUE RESPECT.*/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2059 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2059 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2058 ​   Subject =~ /.*Bigger snake..*/im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2058 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2058 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2057 ​   Subject =~ /.*Bang her.*/im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2057 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2057 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2056 ​   Subject =~ /.*young and enhanced.*/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2056 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2056 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2055 ​   Subject =~ /.*YOUR ASSISTANCE.*/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2055 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2055 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2054 ​   Subject =~ /.*Helping people.*/im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2054 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2054 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2053 ​   Subject =~ /​.*Enhancing.*/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2053 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2053 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2052 ​   Subject =~ /.*Blaue Pillchen.*/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2052 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2052 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2051 ​   Subject =~ /​.*Impotenz.*/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2051 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2051 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2050 ​   Subject =~ /​.*ge.fi.ckt.*/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2050 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2050 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2049 ​   Subject =~ /​.*Softshell.*/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2049 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2049 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2048 ​   Subject =~ /.*rollige Ramona.*/im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2048 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2048 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2047 ​   Subject =~ /​.*Dringende Gesch.ft.*/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2047 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2047 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2046 ​   Subject =~ /​.*Se-xy.*/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2046 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2046 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2045 ​   Subject =~ /.*private party.*/im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2045 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2045 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2044 ​   Subject =~ /.*williges Teeny.*/im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2044 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2044 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2043 ​   Subject =~ /.*Special Offer.*/im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2043 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2043 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2042 ​   Subject =~ /​.*LiveCams.*/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2042 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2042 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2041 ​   Subject =~ /​.*gevoegelt.*/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2041 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2041 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2040 ​   Subject =~ /​.*gefi.ckte.*/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2040 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2040 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2039 ​   Subject =~ /​.*medications.*/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2039 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2039 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2038 ​   Subject =~ /​.*Drecksstueck.*/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2038 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2038 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2037 ​   Subject =~ /​.*Miststueck.*/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2037 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2037 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2036 ​   Subject =~ /​.*verdorbene Hausfrau.*/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2036 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2036 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2035 ​   Subject =~ /​.*Ficken.*/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2035 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2035 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2034 ​   Subject =~ /​.*verdorbene Schlampe.*/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2034 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2034 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2033 ​   Subject =~ /​.*fi.ckbereit.*/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2033 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2033 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2032 ​   Subject =~ /.*immer feucht.*/im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2032 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2032 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2031 ​   Subject =~ /.*lets chat.*/im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2031 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2031 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2030 ​   Subject =~ /​.*bumbsbare.*/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2030 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2030 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2029 ​   Subject =~ /.*geiles Weib.*/im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2029 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2029 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2028 ​   Subject =~ /​.*Dild_o.*/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2028 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2028 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2027 ​   Subject =~ /.*kommen einmal pro Stunde.*/im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2027 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2027 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2026 ​   Subject =~ /.*secret to pleasuring.*/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2026 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2026 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2025 ​   Subject =~ /.*will schlucken.*/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2025 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2025 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2024 ​   Subject =~ /​.*an-algeiles.*/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2024 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2024 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2023 ​   Subject =~ /​.*impotence.*/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2023 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2023 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2022 ​   Subject =~ /​.*deutscher Freund.*/im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2022 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2022 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2021 ​   Subject =~ /​.*Po-rno.*/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2021 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2021 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2020 ​   Subject =~ /​.*Entspannt 60 Minuten nicht kommen.*/im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2020 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2020 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2019 ​   Subject =~ /.*Never be small and tiny again.*/im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2019 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2016 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2018 ​   Subject =~ /.*Haben Sie wieder Spass am Leben.*/im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2018 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2018 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2017 ​   Subject =~ /.*D ildo.*/im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2017 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2017 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2016 ​   Subject =~ /.*chat with you.*/im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2016 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2016 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2015 ​   Subject =~ /.*zu frueh kommen.*/im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2015 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2015 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2014 ​   Subject =~ /​.*aufgeschlossene Kontakte.*/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2014 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2014 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2013 ​   Subject =~ /​.*Viagra.*/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2013 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2013 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2012 ​   Subject =~ /​.*gefic-kt.*/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2012 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2012 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2011 ​   Subject =~ /.*Frau sucht aufgeschlossenen Mann.*/im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2011 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2011 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2010 ​   Subject =~ /.*Nach 10 Minuten kommen.*/im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2010 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2010 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2009 ​   Subject =~ /.*Mann lebt nur einmal.*/im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2009 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2009 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2008 ​   Subject =~ /.*You have received an eCard.*/im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2008 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2008 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2007 ​   Subject =~ /​.*D.i.l.d.o.*/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2007 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2007 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2006 ​   Subject =~ /​.*naturgeil.*/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2006 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2006 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2005 ​   Subject =~ /.*So werden sie von jeder Frau vergoettert!.*/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2005 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2005 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2004 ​   Subject =~ /​.*Advocacy.Notary Notice.*/im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2004 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2004 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2003 ​   Subject =~ /.*Webcam Luder.*/im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2003 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2003 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2002 ​   Subject =~ /​.*Potenzprobleme.*/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2002 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2002 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2001 ​   Subject =~ /.*RedBull fur Ihr bestes Stueck.*/im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2001 ​   20
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2001 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +header ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2000 ​   Subject =~ /.*geile Zuckerschnute.*/​im
 +score           ​HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2000 ​   20  ​
 +tflags ​         HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2000 ​   noautolearn
 +
 +</​file>​
 +
 +Eine aktuelle Version, der Header-Checks kann man sich bei Bedarf auch [[http://​repository.nausch.org/​public/​local.cf|hier]] herunterladen.
 +
 +Abschließend starten wir unseren **AMaViS-Dämon** einmal durch:
 +   # service amavisd restart
 +
 +===== Test =====
 +Nun schicken wir eine Testmessage an einen unserer User:
 +<​code>​$ telnet mx1.nausch.org 25
 +Trying 88.217.187.21...
 +Connected to mx1.nausch.org (88.217.187.21).
 +Escape character is '​^]'​.
 +220 mx1.nausch.org ESMTP Postfix
 +HELO spamschleuder.com
 +250 mx1.nausch.org
 +MAIL FROM: <​django@mnet-mail.de>​
 +250 2.1.0 Ok
 +RCPT TO: <​michael@nausch.org>​
 +250 2.1.5 Ok
 +DATA
 +354 End data with <​CR><​LF>​.<​CR><​LF>​
 +From: <​django@mnet-mail.de>​
 +To: <​michael@nausch.org>​
 +Subject: Du kleines WEBCam Luder!
 +
 +test
 +.
 +554 5.7.0 Reject, id=24409-03 - SPAM
 +quit
 +221 2.0.0 Bye
 +Connection closed by foreign host.</​code>​
 +Die Testmessage wird natürlich nicht angenommen und direkt und **__nur einmal__** rejected.
 +   554 5.7.0 Reject, id=24409-03 - SPAM
 +Im Maillog können wir dann den genauen Ablehnungsgrund,​ an Hand des übermitteltet AMaViS-Codes **24409-03** ermitteln. (Voraussetzung ist hierzu das der Loglevel in der **/​etc/​amavisd.conf** mindestens auf dem Wert **2** steht!):
 +<​code>​Jul 14 21:57:52 nss postfix/​smtpd[27787]:​ connect from office.nausch.org[192.168.10.20]
 +Jul 14 21:58:03 nss postfix/​smtpd[27787]:​ NOQUEUE: client=office.nausch.org[192.168.10.20]
 +Jul 14 21:58:06 nss amavis[24409]:​ (24409-03) ESMTP::​10024 /​var/​amavis/​tmp/​amavis-20090714T215454-24409:​ <​django@mnet-mail.de>​ -> <​michael@nausch.org>​ Received: from mx1.nausch.org ([127.0.0.1]) by localhost (amavis.nausch.org [127.0.0.1]) (amavisd-new,​ port 10024) with ESMTP for <​michael@nausch.org>;​ Tue, 14 Jul 2009 21:58:03 +0200 (CEST)
 +Jul 14 21:58:56 nss amavis[24409]:​ (24409-03) Checking: fT1PyS4yVPfT MYNETS [192.168.10.20] <​django@mnet-mail.de>​ -> <​michael@nausch.org>​
 +Jul 14 21:58:56 nss amavis[24409]:​ (24409-03) p001 1 Content-Type:​ text/plain, size: 5 B, name: 
 +Jul 14 21:58:56 nss amavis[24409]:​ (24409-03) check_header:​ 7, Missing required header field: "​Date"​
 +Jul 14 21:58:56 nss amavis[24409]:​ (24409-03) SPAM, <​django@mnet-mail.de>​ -> <​michael@nausch.org>,​ Yes, score=20.654 tag=2 tag2=6.31 kill=6.31 tests=[ALL_TRUSTED=-1.44,​ AWL
 +=2.092, HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2003=20,​ MISSING_DATE=0.001,​ MISSING_MID=0.001] autolearn=no
 +Jul 14 21:58:56 nss amavis[24409]:​ (24409-03) Blocked SPAM, MYNETS LOCAL [192.168.10.20] [192.168.10.20] <​django@mnet-mail.de>​ -> <​michael@nausch.org>,​ mail_id: fT1PyS4yVPf
 +T, Hits: 20.654, size: 275, 52435 ms
 +Jul 14 21:58:56 nss amavis[24409]:​ (24409-03) TIMING [total 52442 ms] - SMTP greeting: 2 (0%)0, SMTP EHLO: 1 (0%)0, SMTP pre-MAIL: 0 (0%)0, SMTP pre-DATA-flush:​ 3070 (6%)6,
 + SMTP DATA: 49167 (94%)100, check_init: 1 (0%)100, digest_hdr: 1 (0%)100, digest_body_dkim:​ 0 (0%)100, gen_mail_id:​ 2 (0%)100, mime_decode:​ 11 (0%)100, get-file-type1:​ 23 (
 +0%)100, decompose_part:​ 1 (0%)100, parts_decode:​ 0 (0%)100, check_header:​ 3 (0%)100, AV-scan-1: 8 (0%)100, spam-wb-list:​ 3 (0%)100, SA parse: 4 (0%)100, SA check: 97 (0%)10
 +0, update_cache:​ 14 (0%)100, decide_mail_destiny:​ 3 (0%)100, prepare-dsn:​ 5 (0%)100, main_log_entry:​ 19 (0%)100, update_snmp:​ 4 (0%)100, SMTP pre-response:​ 1 (0%)100, SMTP 
 +response: 0 (0%)100, unlink-2-files:​ 0 (0%)100, rundown: 1 (0%)100
 +Jul 14 21:58:59 nss postfix/​smtpd[27787]:​ disconnect from office.nausch.org[192.168.10.20]  ​
 +</​code>​
 +Die Regel **HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2003** hat also zugeschlagen - so könnten wir bei einem etwaigen FalsePositiv die Ursache einer Ablehnung ergründen.
 +
 +===== erster Programmstart =====
 +   ​service spamassassin start
 +===== automatisches Starten der Dienste beim Systemstart =====
 +Damit nun unser spamassassion-daemon beim Booten automatisch gestartet wird, nehmen wir noch folgende Konfigurationsschritte vor.
 +<​code>​chkconfig spamassassin on</​code>​
 +Anschließend überprüfen wir noch unsere Änderung:
 +   ​chkconfig --list | grep spamassassin
 +   ​spamassassin ​   0:Aus   ​1:​Aus ​  ​2:​Ein ​  ​3:​Ein ​  ​4:​Ein ​  ​5:​Ein ​  6:Aus
 +
  
  • centos/mailserver/installation_von_spamassassin.txt
  • Zuletzt geändert: 20.04.2018 10:34.
  • (Externe Bearbeitung)